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Water To Bread—Cades Cove, Smoky Mountains

The watermill is the earliest example of a machine using the forces of nature rather than human or animal muscle to power it. Depending on what source is referenced, the actual invention of the watermill seems to be as early as the 1st century BC or the 3rd century BC.

The two main components of a watermill are the waterwheel and the toothed gearing. During the 19th century, the technology was improved with the addition of multiple drive shafts, which allowed different gear ratios for multiple functions. One mill could produce different products.

BuildingCades CoveFenceGary Rickettsgrickettsgricketts.comHDRMillMountainPhotography by Gary RickettsSmoky MountainsSmugmugTennesseeTreeWaterWaterwheelWoodsBreadhistoryamericausacountrywesternpioneers